The overall objective of Theme 5 (Energy) of EU Framework Program 7 is
Adapting the current energy system into a more sustainable one, less dependent on imported fuels and based on a diverse mix of energy sources, in particular renewables, energy carriers and non polluting sources; enhancing energy efficiency, including by rationalising use and storage of energy; addressing the pressing challenges of security of supply and climate change, whilst increasing the competitiveness of Europe’s industries.
The program is very technological, and project on photovoltaics have been reduced to crystalline silicon solar cells, without considering hybrid and organic photovoltaics. However there is one more speculative topic:
Topic ENERGY.2010.3.5-1: Liquid or gaseous fuel production using direct biological conversion of solar radiation
Contents/scope: Long-term research and development of processes and devices to convert directly solar energy into liquid or gaseous fuel through biological routes. This would involve a number of disciplines (biological, biochemical, biophysics, photochemistry, electrochemistry, etc.) and approaches (molecular and non-molecular, bio mimetic, biological construction) to implement new metabolic pathways in view of producing the fuel directly from solar radiation. The target fuels are high quality oils, alcohols or other substances suitable as liquid or gaseous fuels for transport, excluding hydrogen, methane and electricity. This topic targets novel technologies, where molecules or micro-organisms act as biofuel producers rather than as feedstock for Biofuels. This excludes state-of-the-art technologies for biofuel production (either 1st or 2nd generation).
Funding scheme: Collaborative Project.
Expected impact: The project shall lead the way towards highly efficient processes for direct solar radiation conversion into high quality fuels. It should have a strong positive potential impact on climate change mitigation and on sustainability issues.
Additional information: The participation of top class research groups from US and Japan could maximise the impact of this precompetitive topic. This will be considered in the evaluation.
Open in call: FP7-ENERGY-2010-1